Trump defends decision to pull United States out of Iran nuclear deal

Glen Norman
May 13, 2018

USA president Donald Trump has warned of "severe consequences" if Iran restarts its nuclear activity, a day after he announced America's withdrawal from a landmark nuclear deal.

The agreement, struck in 2015 by the United States, other world powers and Iran, lifted most USA and global sanctions against the country.

External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said India was closely monitoring the situation arising out of Trump's announcement to pull the United States out of the Iran nuclear deal.

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani said Tuesday that he was ordering the country's atomic industry to be ready to restart industrial scale enrichment of uranium, but other officials indicated Iran intends to continue sticking with the deal.

He said foreign companies which have signed contracts with, or invested in Iran should clearly announce their decisions on how they are going to deal with Washington's pullout from the JCPOA.

The deal was struck between Iran and the US, Britain, France, Russia and China, plus Germany and the European Union, in Vienna in 2015.

US President Donald Trump faced diplomatic isolation on Wednesday as world powers scrambled to save a landmark deal curbing Iran's nuclear program that he has rejected.

He is also unhappy that the Iran nuclear deal didn't forbid Tehran from continuing with its ballistic missile program.

Chief among the critics was French President Emmanuel Macron, who was Europe's leading emissary to Washington in efforts to defend the deal and who has sought to cultivate a strong personal rapport with Trump. Experts say the hard line will give Trump an upper hand while negotiating with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.

Trump's decision and his threats to Iran raise questions about what legal grounds the USA can use to enforce Iranian compliance now that it has walked away from the worldwide pact, and whether the President is gunning for a confrontation. In fact, the European Union could use its own legislative actions (blocking statues) meant to maneuver around US sanctions.

"Trump does not have the mental capacity to deal with issues", Mr Larijani said.

While Tehran's regional rivals Saudi Arabia and Israel applauded Trump's decision to pull Washington out of the 2015 accord, Iran reacted furiously to the move, with lawmakers burning a U.S. flag and chanting "Death to America".

German Chancellor Angela Merkel says the US withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal shows Europe will face increasing responsibility to secure peace and seek political solutions to conflicts. "I would advise them very strongly".

During the last round of sanctions, Iran's oil supplies fell by around one million bpd, but the country re-emerged as a major oil exporter after sanctions were lifted by producing 3.81 million bpd in March 2018.

"There must be no doubt: Iran's nuclear programme must always remain peaceful and civilian".

Pyongyang will understandably now have doubts about the wisdom of negotiating with the US and won't hesitate to bring them up.

Trump's decision marked a stark diplomatic defeat for Europe, whose leaders urged the United States president to think again.

India and Iran have robust economic and commercial ties covering many sectors though it has traditionally been dominated by the import of Iranian crude oil by India. "It falls to the U.S. administration to spell out their view of the way head", said Johnson, who visited Washington earlier this week and failed to convince Trump to remain inside the nuclear deal.

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